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The Ultimate Guide to Typing an Argumentative Essay: From Outline to Examples


How to Type an Argumentative Essay




Do you have an assignment or a project that requires you to write an argumentative essay? If so, you might be wondering how to type one effectively. An argumentative essay is a type of academic writing that aims to persuade the reader to accept your point of view on a controversial or debatable topic. It involves presenting your argument with supporting evidence and refuting opposing arguments with counter-evidence. In this article, we will guide you through the process of typing an argumentative essay step by step. We will cover how to choose a topic, how to research for information, how to structure your essay, and how to revise and edit your essay. By following these tips, you will be able to type an argumentative essay that is clear, convincing, and well-written.




how to type an argumentative essay



What is an Argumentative Essay?




An argumentative essay is a type of academic writing that requires you to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner. The purpose of an argumentative essay is to convince the reader that your opinion is valid and supported by facts and logic. An argumentative essay is not just about stating your opinion; it is about presenting your opinion as part of a larger debate or discussion. You need to consider different perspectives and viewpoints on the topic and address them in your essay. You also need to acknowledge and refute any counterarguments or objections that might challenge your position. An argumentative essay is not a summary or a report; it is an analysis and evaluation of a topic that requires critical thinking and reasoning skills.


How to Choose a Topic for an Argumentative Essay




One of the first steps in typing an argumentative essay is to choose a topic that you are interested in and that you can argue for or against. Choosing a topic can be challenging, especially if you have a lot of ideas or if you are not familiar with the subject. Here are some tips and criteria for selecting a suitable and interesting topic for your argumentative essay:


Brainstorm Ideas




A good way to generate possible topics is to brainstorm ideas by using different methods. You can try the following techniques to come up with some topics:



  • Freewriting: Write down whatever comes to your mind without worrying about grammar, structure, or logic. Just let your thoughts flow and see what emerges.



  • Listing: Write down a list of words or phrases that relate to the subject or the assignment. You can use keywords, questions, problems, issues, or concepts that interest you.



  • Clustering: Write down a word or phrase that represents the main idea of your topic in the center of a page. Then, draw branches from it and write down related subtopics or sub-ideas. Keep expanding the branches until you have enough subtopics or sub-ideas.



  • Asking Questions: Ask yourself questions that can help you narrow down your topic or focus on a specific aspect of it. For example, who, what, when, where, why, and how questions can help you explore different angles and perspectives on your topic.



Evaluate Ideas




Once you have a list of possible topics, you need to evaluate them and choose the best one for your argumentative essay. You can use the following criteria to evaluate your ideas:



  • Relevance: The topic should be relevant to the subject, the assignment, and the audience. It should address a current or significant issue that matters to you and your readers.



  • Feasibility: The topic should be feasible to research and write about within the given time frame and word limit. It should not be too broad or too narrow, too simple or too complex, too obvious or too obscure.



  • Originality: The topic should be original and interesting to you and your readers. It should not be overused or clichéd, but rather offer a fresh or unique perspective on the issue.



Pick a Side




After you have chosen a topic, you need to decide which position you will take on it. You need to pick a side that you can argue for or against with supporting evidence and reasoning. You can use the following strategies to pick a side:



  • Research: Do some preliminary research on your topic and see what arguments and evidence are available for both sides. You can use online sources, books, journals, newspapers, magazines, etc. to find information on your topic.



  • Analyze: Analyze the arguments and evidence for both sides and see which ones are more convincing, logical, and relevant to your topic. You can use criteria such as credibility, validity, reliability, consistency, etc. to evaluate the arguments and evidence.



  • Choose: Choose the side that you think has stronger arguments and evidence and that you can defend with confidence and clarity. You can also choose the side that you personally agree with or feel more passionate about.



How to Research for an Argumentative Essay




The next step in typing an argumentative essay is to research for information that can support your argument and refute opposing arguments. Researching for an argumentative essay is different from researching for other types of essays because you need to find credible and relevant sources that can provide facts, statistics, examples, quotes, etc. that can back up your claims and counterclaims. Here are some guidelines and sources for finding information for your argumentative essay:


Use Reliable Sources




Not all sources are reliable and trustworthy. Some sources may be biased, outdated, inaccurate, incomplete, or misleading. You need to use reliable sources that can provide accurate and objective information on your topic. You can use the following criteria to identify and evaluate the reliability of sources:



  • Authority: The source should have an author who is qualified and knowledgeable about the topic. The author should have credentials such as degrees, affiliations, publications, awards, etc. that indicate their expertise and credibility.



the topic. The source should have a date of publication or update that indicates its timeliness and relevance.


  • Accuracy: The source should be accurate and factual. The source should provide evidence and references to support its claims and arguments. The source should not contain errors, contradictions, or inconsistencies that can affect its validity and reliability.



  • Coverage: The source should be comprehensive and complete. The source should cover the topic in depth and detail and provide sufficient information and analysis. The source should not omit or exclude important aspects or perspectives on the topic.



  • Purpose: The source should have a clear and objective purpose. The source should inform, educate, or persuade the reader without bias, prejudice, or ulterior motives. The source should not try to manipulate, deceive, or mislead the reader with false or misleading information.



Some examples of reliable sources are academic journals, scholarly books, reputable newspapers and magazines, government websites, educational websites, etc.


Use Diverse Sources




Using only one or a few sources for your argumentative essay is not enough. You need to use diverse sources that can provide different perspectives and evidence on your topic. Using diverse sources can help you:



  • Expand your knowledge and understanding of the topic



  • Find more arguments and evidence for your position



  • Find and address counterarguments and objections from the opposing side



  • Compare and contrast different views and opinions on the topic



  • Enhance your credibility and authority as a writer



Some examples of diverse sources are books, journals, websites, newspapers, magazines, reports, podcasts, videos, etc.


Use Citations and References




Using citations and references is essential for any academic writing, especially for an argumentative essay. Citations and references are ways of acknowledging and crediting the sources that you use in your essay. Using citations and references can help you:



  • Avoid plagiarism and academic dishonesty



  • Show respect and appreciation for the original authors and their work



  • Support your claims and arguments with evidence from authoritative sources



  • Enable your readers to locate and verify the sources that you use



  • Demonstrate your research skills and academic integrity as a writer



Citations are brief mentions of the sources within the text of your essay. They usually include the author's name, the year of publication, and sometimes the page number where the information is found. References are full details of the sources that appear at the end of your essay. They usually include the author's name, the title of the work, the publisher, the date of publication, and sometimes other information such as the URL or DOI. You need to follow a specific citation style for your citations and references, such as APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.


How to Structure an Argumentative Essay




The structure of an argumentative essay is similar to other types of essays. It consists of three main parts: introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. However, each part has some specific features that you need to pay attention to when typing an argumentative essay. Here are the main components and organization of an argumentative essay:


Introduction




The introduction is the first part of your argumentative essay. It serves to introduce your topic, provide some background information, state your thesis statement, and outline your main points. The introduction should be engaging and informative to capture the reader's attention and interest. Here are some tips for writing an effective introduction:



  • Start with a hook: A hook is a sentence or a question that grabs the reader's attention and makes them want to read more. You can use different types of hooks such as a quote, a statistic, a fact, a question, a story, etc.



  • Provide background information: Background information is some general or historical information that helps the reader understand the context and significance of your topic. You can provide some definitions, explanations, examples, etc. that relate to your topic.



  • State your thesis statement: A thesis statement is a sentence that expresses your main argument or position on your topic. It should be clear, concise, and debatable. It should also indicate how you will support your argument in your essay.



  • Outline your main points: A roadmap is a sentence or a list that summarizes the main points or sub-arguments that you will discuss in your essay. It should follow the order of your body paragraphs and show how they relate to your thesis statement.



Here is an example of an introduction for an argumentative essay on the topic of whether social media is good or bad for society:


Hook: Did you know that the average person spends about two hours a day on social media? That's more than half a day per week, or almost a month per year!


Background information: Social media is a term that refers to various online platforms and applications that allow people to create and share content, communicate, and interact with others. Some of the most popular social media platforms are Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, TikTok, etc.


Thesis statement: While social media has some benefits such as connecting people, spreading information, and promoting creativity, it also has some drawbacks such as harming mental health, spreading misinformation, and reducing productivity. Therefore, social media is more harmful than beneficial for society.


Roadmap: In this essay, I will discuss the pros and cons of social media and explain why the cons outweigh the pros. I will also suggest some ways to reduce the negative effects of social media on society.


Body Paragraphs




The body paragraphs are the main part of your argumentative essay. They serve to develop and support your argument with evidence and analysis. They also serve to address and refute any counterarguments or objections that might challenge your position. Each body paragraph should focus on one main point or sub-argument that relates to your thesis statement. Here are some tips for writing effective body paragraphs:



  • Start with a topic sentence: A topic sentence is a sentence that introduces the main point or sub-argument of the paragraph. It should be clear, relevant, and coherent. It should also connect to the thesis statement and the previous paragraph.



  • Provide evidence: Evidence is the information that you use to support your point or sub-argument. It can be facts, statistics, examples, quotes, etc. that come from reliable and diverse sources. You should provide enough evidence to make your point convincing and credible.



  • Analyze evidence: Analysis is the explanation of how and why the evidence supports your point or sub-argument. It can be your own interpretation, evaluation, commentary, etc. that shows your critical thinking and reasoning skills. You should analyze each piece of evidence that you use in your paragraph.



  • Address counterarguments: Counterarguments are the arguments or objections that oppose or challenge your position. They can come from different perspectives or viewpoints on the topic. You should address and refute any counterarguments that might weaken or contradict your argument.



  • Refute counterarguments: Refutation is the process of proving that the counterarguments are wrong or invalid. You can use evidence, logic, or rhetoric to refute the counterarguments. You should also explain why your argument is stronger or more valid than the counterarguments.



Here is an example of a body paragraph for an argumentative essay on the topic of whether social media is good or bad for society:


Topic sentence: One of the benefits of social media is that it connects people across distances and cultures.


Evidence: According to a survey by Pew Research Center, 81% of social media users say that social media helps them stay in touch with friends and family who live far away, and 69% say that social media helps them meet new people who share their interests (Pew Research Center, 2018).


Analysis: This evidence shows that social media can facilitate communication and interaction among people who might otherwise not be able to connect due to geographical or cultural barriers. Social media can also help people find and join communities of like-minded individuals who share their hobbies, passions, values, etc.


Counterargument: However, some critics argue that social media does not really connect people but rather isolates them from real-life relationships and interactions.


Refutation: This counterargument is not valid because it ignores the fact that social media can complement rather than replace real-life relationships and interactions. Social media can help people maintain and strengthen their existing relationships with friends and family who live far away by allowing them to communicate regularly and share their experiences. Social media can also help people form new relationships with people who live nearby by enabling them to discover common interests and activities. Therefore, social media can enhance rather than diminish people's social lives.


Conclusion




ative essay should be relevant, feasible, and original. It should address a current or significant issue that matters to you and your readers. It should also be feasible to research and write about within the given time frame and word limit. It should not be too broad or too narrow, too simple or too complex, too obvious or too obscure. Moreover, it should be original and interesting to you and your readers. It should not be overused or clichéd, but rather offer a fresh or unique perspective on the issue.


  • How do I write a good thesis statement for an argumentative essay?



A good thesis statement for an argumentative essay should be clear, concise, and debatable. It should express your main argument or position on your topic. It should also indicate how you will support your argument in your essay. You can write a good thesis statement by following these steps:


  • Identify your topic and your position on it



  • Write down your main points or sub-arguments that support your position



  • Combine your topic, position, and main points into one sentence



  • Revise and refine your sentence until it is clear, concise, and debatable



  • How do I cite and reference sources in an argumentative essay?



You need to cite and reference sources in an argumentative essay to avoid plagiarism and academic dishonesty. You also need to cite and reference sources to support your claims and arguments with evidence from authoritative sources. You also need to enable your readers to locate and verify the sources that you use. You need to follow a specific citation style for your citations and references, such as APA, MLA, Chicago, etc. You can use online tools or guides to help you cite and reference sources correctly according to the citation style that you use.


  • How do I revise and edit an argumentative essay?



You need to revise and edit an argumentative essay to improve the content, style, and mechanics of your essay. You can revise and edit your essay by following these steps:


  • Revise for content: Check and improve the clarity, coherence, relevance, and completeness of your essay. Make sure that your essay has a clear thesis statement, strong arguments, sufficient evidence, valid counterarguments, and effective refutations. Make sure that your essay follows a logical structure and organization.



  • Revise for style: Check and improve the tone, voice, word choice, sentence structure, and transitions of your essay. Make sure that your essay uses a conversational style as written by a human. Use informal tone, personal pronouns, simple language, engaging sentences, active voice, brief paragraphs, rhetorical questions, analogies, metaphors, etc.



spelling, punctuation, and formatting errors in your essay. Make sure that your essay follows the rules and conventions of standard English. Make sure that your essay uses consistent and appropriate headings, fonts, margins, spacing, etc.


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